Different Categories of Anxiety Disorders in Children:-
(1) Separation Anxiety Disorder:
Usually seen in children between 1 to 3 years of age.
Older Children may sometimes also suffer ; if they have excessive fear or anxiety about being separated from a caregiver.
*Such children may frequently worry about parents dying or becoming separated from them.
*Refuse to go to school
*Have nightmares about separation.
*Experience physical symptoms like headache, nausea, fatigue, body aches n pains,
vague abdominal pain, etc. !
(2) Selective Mutism:
Such children, may refuse to speak in certain social situations; although
they are very talkative at home or wherever they feel comfortable.
*They may refuse to speak at school or avoid eye contact.
*Children around the age of 5 are most commonly diagnosed with this disorder.
(3) Specific Phobia :
*Some children may exhibit fear or anxiety about a specific object or a situation.
*These types of kids will cry, freeze up or cling on to an adult, when that specific fear is present around.
*Children can have “phobias” that include certain toys, animals, storms, loud sounds and scolding voices of the parents and enclosed spaces.
(4) Panic Disorder:
*Children, who experience recurrent panic attacks & worry about having more ;
may have “panic disorders”.
A child having a panic attack may suffer from the following symptoms :
*Shortness of breath
*Chills or Heat Sensations.
*Fear of going Crazy.
*Fear of Dying.
(5) Social Anxiety Disorder:
If your child is suffering from “intense fear” of participating in the class or while interacting with the classmates, then they are certainly categorized as having “Social Anxiety Disorder”!
* Children may exhibit this fear through the following symptoms:
=>Clinging to adults
=>Refusing to speak
=>They may also attempt to avoid social situations that provoke this fear.
Management Therapy of such children:
Parents are sincerely advised not to hesitate in consulting an expert doctor about their child’s anxiety as they can surely guide you to the right track after a proper clinical history & assessment.
Children with “anxiety disorders” or “panic attacks” are typically treated with psycho- therapic sessions.
Medication is important via the media.
In a particular fraction of the patients both medication as well as psychotherapy offers quite fruitful results.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy This sort of therapy can help a child to test out what thoughts are realistic or unrealistic.
May work best for young children to counter their anxieties.
For some kids, “medications”, provide greater relief on a short-term and long-term basis, depending on the nature & severity of the symptoms.
Medicines are highly selective and should be given by a highly experienced paediatrician or paediatric psychiatrist.